(Adds details, context on blast and financial crisis)
BEIRUT, Aug 6 (Reuters) – Lebanon’s central bank on Thursday instructed banks and financial institutions to extend exceptional dollar loans at zero interest to individuals and firms impacted by the Beirut port explosion that caused huge damage across the capital.
The explosion on Tuesday was the most powerful in years in Lebanon, which is already reeling from an economic meltdown that has seen the Lebanese pound weaken by nearly 80% since last year, due to a lack of dollars, from an official peg of 1,507.5 — a rate now only available for vital imports.
Banks have since October frozen people out of their own savings accounts and blocked transfers abroad. Under an April central bank circular, they now pay depositors with dollar accounts in cash in the local currency at a “market rate” well below that of the parallel market.
The central bank said the exceptional loans should be made, regardless of customer account limits, to individuals, private businesses, small and medium-sized enterprises and corporations — with the exception of real estate developers — to carry out essential repairs to homes and businesses.
The loans should carry no interest and be repaid over five years, it said, adding that they could be repaid in Lebanese pounds based on an interbank rate of 1,515 pounds to the dollar.
The central bank would in turn provide dollar loans at zero interest to the banks and financial institutions granting the exceptional loans, it said.
The central bank, in a separate statement, also instructed money transfer houses to distribute transfers from abroad to Lebanon in dollars.
The economic crisis is rooted in decades of state corruption and waste. The government entered talks with the International Monetary Fund in May after defaulting on its foreign currency debt. But the talks have stalled in the absence of reforms and amid a row between the government, banks and politicians over the scale of the country’s vast financial losses. (Reporting by Ghaida Ghantous and Ellen Francis; editing by John Stonestreet and Hugh Lawson)
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